Como faço para usar DrawerLayout para exibir sobre o ActionBar / Toolbar e sob a barra de status ?

? Chris Banes @ | Original: StackOverFlow
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Eu vi no novo http://www.google.co.uk/design/spec/layout/structure.html#structure-side-nav projeto material que você pode exibir a gaveta de cima da barra de ação e por trás o status bar. Como posso implementar isso?

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Top 5 Responder

1Chris Banes @

Nova funcionalidade no quadro de apoio e libs permitir exatamente isso. Há três " peças do puzzle ':

Using https://developer.android.com/reference/android/support/v7/widget/Toolbar.html so that you can embed your action bar into your view hierarchy. Making https://developer.android.com/reference/android/support/v4/widget/DrawerLayout.html fitSystemWindows so that it is layed out behind the system bars. Disabling Theme.Material's normal status bar coloring so that DrawerLayout can draw there instead.

Eu vou assumir que você vai usar o novo AppCompat .

Em primeiro lugar, o seu layout deve ser semelhante a este :

<!-- The important thing to note here is the added fitSystemWindows -->
<android.support.v4.widget.DrawerLayout
    xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android"
    android:id="@+id/my_drawer_layout"
    android:layout_width="match_parent"
    android:layout_height="match_parent"
    android:fitsSystemWindows="true">

    <!-- Your normal content view -->
    <LinearLayout
        android:layout_width="match_parent"
        android:layout_height="match_parent"
        android:orientation="vertical">

        <!-- We use a Toolbar so that our drawer can be displayed
             in front of the action bar -->
        <android.support.v7.widget.Toolbar  
            android:id="@+id/my_awesome_toolbar"
            android:layout_height="wrap_content"
            android:layout_width="match_parent"
            android:minHeight="?attr/actionBarSize"
            android:background="?attr/colorPrimary" />

        <!-- The rest of your content view -->

    </LinearLayout>

    <!-- Your drawer view. This can be any view, LinearLayout
         is just an example. As we have set fitSystemWindows=true
         this will be displayed under the status bar. -->
    <LinearLayout
        android:layout_width="304dp"
        android:layout_height="match_parent"
        android:layout_gravity="left|start"
        android:fitsSystemWindows="true">

        <!-- Your drawer content -->

    </LinearLayout>

</android.support.v4.widget.DrawerLayout>

Então, em sua atividade / Fragmento :

public void onCreate(Bundled savedInstanceState) {
    super.onCreate(savedInstanceState);

    // Your normal setup. Blah blah ...

    // As we're using a Toolbar, we should retrieve it and set it
    // to be our ActionBar
    Toolbar toolbar = (...) findViewById(R.id.my_awesome_toolbar);
    setSupportActionBar(toolbar);

    // Now retrieve the DrawerLayout so that we can set the status bar color.
    // This only takes effect on Lollipop, or when using translucentStatusBar
    // on KitKat.
    DrawerLayout drawerLayout = (...) findViewById(R.id.my_drawer_layout);
    drawerLayout.setStatusBarBackgroundColor(yourChosenColor);
}

Então você precisa ter certeza de que o DrawerLayout é visível por trás da barra de status. Você faz isso, alterando o seu tema valores - v21 :

valores - v21 / themes.xml

<style name="Theme.MyApp" parent="Theme.AppCompat.Light.NoActionBar">
    <item name="android:windowDrawsSystemBarBackgrounds">true</item>
    <item name="android:statusBarColor">@android:color/transparent</item>
</style>
2Nicolas Jafelle @

Fazê-lo funcionar, em estilos valores - V21 ou tema xml precisa usar este atributo :

<item name="android:windowTranslucentStatus">true</item>

Que fazer a mágica !

3Nicol&#225;s L&#243;pez @

Este é o mais simples, e funcionou para mim :

No valores - 21 :

<resources>
    <style name="AppTheme" parent="AppTheme.Base">
        ...
        <item name="android:windowTranslucentStatus">true</item>
    </style>
    <dimen name="topMargin">25dp</dimen>
</resources>

In the values:

<resources>
    <dimen name="topMargin">0dp</dimen>
</resources>

E definida para sua barra de ferramentas

android:layout_marginTop="@dimen/topMargin"
4Suyash @

Como não há solução completa postado, aqui é a maneira que eu alcançado o resultado desejado.

Primeiro incluem um https://github.com/google/iosched/blob/master/android/src/main/java/com/google/samples/apps/iosched/ui/widget/ScrimInsetsFrameLayout.java em seu projeto.

/*
* Copyright 2014 Google Inc.
*
* Licensed under the Apache License, Version 2.0 (the "License");
* you may not use this file except in compliance with the License.
* You may obtain a copy of the License at
*
*     http://www.apache.org/licenses/LICENSE-2.0
*
* Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing, software
* distributed under the License is distributed on an "AS IS" BASIS,
* WITHOUT WARRANTIES OR CONDITIONS OF ANY KIND, either express or implied.
* See the License for the specific language governing permissions and
* limitations under the License.
*/

/**
* A layout that draws something in the insets passed to 
* {@link #fitSystemWindows(Rect)}, i.e. the area above UI chrome
* (status and navigation bars, overlay action bars).
*/
public class ScrimInsetsFrameLayout extends FrameLayout {
    private Drawable mInsetForeground;

    private Rect mInsets;
    private Rect mTempRect = new Rect();
    private OnInsetsCallback mOnInsetsCallback;

    public ScrimInsetsFrameLayout(Context context) {
        super(context);
        init(context, null, 0);
    }

    public ScrimInsetsFrameLayout(Context context, AttributeSet attrs) {
        super(context, attrs);
        init(context, attrs, 0);
    }

    public ScrimInsetsFrameLayout(
        Context context, AttributeSet attrs, int defStyle) {
        super(context, attrs, defStyle);
        init(context, attrs, defStyle);
    }

    private void init(Context context, AttributeSet attrs, int defStyle) {
        final TypedArray a = context.obtainStyledAttributes(attrs,
                R.styleable.ScrimInsetsView, defStyle, 0);
        if (a == null) {
            return;
        }
        mInsetForeground = a.getDrawable(
            R.styleable.ScrimInsetsView_insetForeground);
        a.recycle();

        setWillNotDraw(true);
    }

    @Override
    protected boolean fitSystemWindows(Rect insets) {
        mInsets = new Rect(insets);
        setWillNotDraw(mInsetForeground == null);
        ViewCompat.postInvalidateOnAnimation(this);
        if (mOnInsetsCallback != null) {
            mOnInsetsCallback.onInsetsChanged(insets);
        }
        return true; // consume insets
    }

    @Override
    public void draw(Canvas canvas) {
        super.draw(canvas);

        int width = getWidth();
        int height = getHeight();
        if (mInsets != null && mInsetForeground != null) {
            int sc = canvas.save();
            canvas.translate(getScrollX(), getScrollY());

            // Top
            mTempRect.set(0, 0, width, mInsets.top);
            mInsetForeground.setBounds(mTempRect);
            mInsetForeground.draw(canvas);

            // Bottom
            mTempRect.set(0, height - mInsets.bottom, width, height);
            mInsetForeground.setBounds(mTempRect);
            mInsetForeground.draw(canvas);

            // Left
            mTempRect.set(
                0, 
                mInsets.top, 
                mInsets.left, 
                height - mInsets.bottom);
            mInsetForeground.setBounds(mTempRect);
            mInsetForeground.draw(canvas);

            // Right
            mTempRect.set(
                width - mInsets.right, 
                mInsets.top, width, 
                height - mInsets.bottom);
            mInsetForeground.setBounds(mTempRect);
            mInsetForeground.draw(canvas);

            canvas.restoreToCount(sc);
        }
    }

    @Override
    protected void onAttachedToWindow() {
        super.onAttachedToWindow();
        if (mInsetForeground != null) {
            mInsetForeground.setCallback(this);
        }
    }

    @Override
    protected void onDetachedFromWindow() {
        super.onDetachedFromWindow();
        if (mInsetForeground != null) {
            mInsetForeground.setCallback(null);
        }
    }

    /**
     * Allows the calling container to specify a callback for custom 
     * processing when insets change (i.e. when {@link #fitSystemWindows(Rect)}
     * is called. This is useful for setting padding on UI elements 
     * based on UI chrome insets (e.g. a Google Map or a ListView). 
     * When using with ListView or GridView, remember to set
     * clipToPadding to false.
     */
    public void setOnInsetsCallback(OnInsetsCallback onInsetsCallback) {
        mOnInsetsCallback = onInsetsCallback;
    }

    public static interface OnInsetsCallback {
        public void onInsetsChanged(Rect insets);
    }
}

Em seguida, criar um styleable de modo que o insetForeground pode ser definido .

valores / attrs.xml

<declare-styleable name="ScrimInsetsView">
    <attr name="insetForeground" format="reference|color" />
</declare-styleable>

Atualize o arquivo xml de sua atividade e certificar-se de android:fitsSystemWindows é definido como verdadeiro em ambos o DrawerLayout, bem como o ScrimInsetsFrameLayout .

layout / activity_main.xml

<android.support.v4.widget.DrawerLayout 
    xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android"
    xmlns:tools="http://schemas.android.com/tools"
    android:id="@+id/drawerLayout"
    android:layout_width="match_parent"
    android:layout_height="match_parent"
    android:fitsSystemWindows="true"
    tools:context=".MainActivity">

    <!-- The main content view -->
    <LinearLayout
        android:layout_width="match_parent"
        android:layout_height="match_parent"
        android:orientation="vertical">

        <!-- Your main content -->

    </LinearLayout>

    <!-- The navigation drawer -->
    <com.example.app.util.ScrimInsetsFrameLayout 
        xmlns:app="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res-auto"
        android:id="@+id/scrimInsetsFrameLayout"
        android:layout_width="320dp"
        android:layout_height="match_parent"
        android:layout_gravity="start"
        android:background="@color/white"
        android:elevation="10dp"
        android:fitsSystemWindows="true"
        app:insetForeground="#4000">

        <!-- Your drawer content -->

    </com.example.app.util.ScrimInsetsFrameLayout>

</android.support.v4.widget.DrawerLayout>

Dentro do método onCreate de sua atividade de definir a cor de fundo da barra de status no layout gaveta.

MainActivity.java

@Override
protected void onCreate(Bundle savedInstanceState) {
    super.onCreate(savedInstanceState);
    setContentView(R.layout.activity_main);

    // ...

    mDrawerLayout = (DrawerLayout) findViewById(R.id.drawerLayout);
    mDrawerLayout.setStatusBarBackgroundColor(
        getResources().getColor(R.color.primary_dark));
}

Finalmente atualizar o tema do seu aplicativo para que o DrawerLayout está por trás da barra de status.

valores - v21 / styles.xml

<style name="AppTheme" parent="Theme.AppCompat.Light.NoActionBar">
    <item name="android:windowDrawsSystemBarBackgrounds">true</item>
    <item name="android:statusBarColor">@android:color/transparent</item>
</style>

Result:

Como faço para usar DrawerLayout para exibir sobre o ActionBar / Toolbar e sob a barra de status? Github

O importante para brincar está na sua actividade principal

toolbar = (Toolbar) findViewById(R.id.toolbar);
res = this.getResources();

this.setSupportActionBar(toolbar);
ActionBar actionBar = getSupportActionBar();
actionBar.setDisplayHomeAsUpEnabled(true);
actionBar.setHomeButtonEnabled(true);
if (Build.VERSION.SDK_INT >= Build.VERSION_CODES.LOLLIPOP) { 
    ScrimInsetsFrameLayout scrimInsetsFrameLayout = (ScrimInsetsFrameLayout)
            findViewById(R.id.linearLayout);
    scrimInsetsFrameLayout.setOnInsetsCallback(this);
} 

ea chamada de volta

@Override
public void onInsetsChanged(Rect insets) {
    Toolbar toolbar = this.toolbar;
    ViewGroup.MarginLayoutParams lp = (ViewGroup.MarginLayoutParams)
        toolbar.getLayoutParams();
    lp.topMargin = insets.top;
    int top = insets.top;
    insets.top += toolbar.getHeight();
    toolbar.setLayoutParams(lp);
    insets.top = top; // revert
}

Absolutamente o tema para V21 faz a mágica

<style name="AppTheme" parent="Theme.AppCompat.Light.NoActionBar">
    <!-- API 21 theme customizations can go here. -->
    <item name="colorPrimary">@color/colorPrimary</item>
    <item name="colorPrimaryDark">@color/colorPrimaryDark</item>
    <item name="colorAccent">@color/accent_material_light</item>
    <item name="windowActionModeOverlay">true</item>
    <item name="android:windowDrawsSystemBarBackgrounds">true</item>
    <item name="android:statusBarColor">@android:color/transparent</item>
    <item name="android:windowTranslucentStatus">true</item>
</style>

e o ScrimInsetsFrameLayout